Question 11. “The manner in which the Constituent Assembly worked gives sanctity to the constitution.” Justify. (ii) Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Those who drafted the Indian Constitution felt that it had to be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. The Constituent Assembly that wrote the Indian Constitution had 299 members. it is, called partly rigid and partly flexible. Question 4. The country was born through a partition on the basis of religious differences. This online test is based on multiple choice questions for all competitive exams and GK quiz. The black majority was keen to ensure that the democratic principle of majority rule was not compromised. Answer: The South African constitution inspires democrats all over the world in the following ways. PDF download free. Why was the making of the Indian Constitution not an easy affair? Certain basic rules have to be followed by the citizens and the government. Answer: To obtain a clear and crisp overview of all the concepts from this Chapter, students can browse through these CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 2 Constitutional Design. Constitution can be changed according to needs and aspirations of the people. Define ‘ Democratic Republic’. The preamble is an introductory part of the Constitution. As a ‘Living Document’, it has to be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. It is Socialist, as it aims at social and economic equality. Answer: Question 19. The South African constitution inspires democrats all over the world. Rajendra Prasad was bom in Bihar. Implications: Question 2. Or Which type of tactics did the white racist government of South Africa use to continue to rule? It is Secular, as there is no State religion in India. He was born in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Then a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. South Africa was a State which was looked down upon by many during the Apartheid regime. Constituent assembly. We have adopted bill of Rights from the United States of America. This means they enjoy _______ . The traditional social inequalities have to be ended. What is meant by the term ‘Preamble’? Solution: Racial discrimination, Question 17. Question 11. There were more than 30 members belonging to the Scheduled Caste. After 28 years of imprisonment, Nelson Mandela walked out of the jail as a free man. (i) July 1946. Indian Constitution is a very long and detailed document. Where did Nelson Mandela spend his prison term? Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Dr. B.R. Then, a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. Constitutional Design Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers Choose the correct option: Question 1. Major shortcomings of the constitution can be removed. Or (iii) Secular: Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. Elections to the first Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946. It was India’s ‘Charter of Freedom’. Apartheid was the name of a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa. The African National Congress (ANC) was the umbrella organisation that led the struggle against the policies of segregation in South Africa. It defines who will have how much power to take which decisions. Elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946. Answer: (v) DEMOCRATIC: A form of government where people enjoy equal political rights, elect their rulers and hold them accountable. Question 8. They selected and modified the contents according to India perspective. Answer: “I have cherished the idea of a democratic Asid free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal In social terms too, the Assembly represented members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations. After two years of discussion and debate leaders of South Africa came out with one of the finest Constitutions the world has ever had. Lakhs of people were killed on both sides of the border in partition related violence. Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship among people living in a territory (called citizens) and also the relationship between the people and government. It is called the key of the Constitution. Question 27. Working Of Institutions Class 9 Important Questions and Answers Q.1) Expand and explain ‘SEBC’? (Any three). Question 1. The Constitution of India lays down certain Basic Features or the Basic Structure, which cannot be amended, altered or modified by any legitimate authority in India. (iii) Secular, were separate for the whites and blacks. (iv) SECULAR: Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. He was also the first President of India. What do you understand by the term ‘the Preamble to the Constitution’? Mention the landmark years in the making of the Indian Constitution. Study these solutions when you are preparing for the Social Science Exam. These are some of the basic questions asked in Chapter 2 of CBSE Class 9 Political Science. The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. The Indian Constituent assembly had 299 members. More than two thousand amendments were considered. (x) FRATERNITY: All of us should behave as if we are members of the same family. Dear Yam, I read your letter. Answer: Blacks could not form associations or protest the terrible treatment. Importance: Question 9. At the midnight of 26 April, 1994. Answer: Question 6. Or The members deliberated for 114 days spread over 3 years. Answer: These changes are called constitutional amendments. In 1928, who along with eight other congress leaders? Elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July, 1946. Nelson Mandela. The Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship among the people living in a territory (called citizens), and also the relationship between the people and the government. HOTS Who was the Chairmen of the drafting committee of Indian Constitution, social revolutionary, thinker and agitator against caste divisions? CBSE Guide of All Chapters given in the Book. Soon after the country was divided into India and Pakistan. It became a fully sovereign body. It defines “who will have how much power to take a particular decisions’. Chapter 2 Civics Constitutional Design Extra Questions will help you to Answer all MCQ Questions. Give three reasons. Answer: Question 10. What made this change possible was the determination of the South African people to work together, to transform bitter experience into the binding glue of a rainbow nation. So they incorporated somfe good points of the Constitutions of these countries in the Indian Constitution. Or The Constitution also offers equality of opportunity in matters relating to appointment under two states (Article 16). It has provisions to incorporate changes from time-to-time. He was the President of the Constituent Assembly. Question 18. The British had left it to the rulers of the princely states to decide whether they wanted to merge with India or with Pakistan or remain independent. On the social platform, the Assembly was represented by members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations. In Indian Constitution, the Secular means _______ . Why do we need a Constitution and what do Constitution do? Answer: TopperLearning provides Class 9 study materials such as CBSE Class 9 chapter notes, CBSE Class 9 practice tests, CBSE Class 9 video assessments, CBSE Class 9 weekly tests and more. The people of South Africa have of agreed that everybody should become a part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. Question 4. To help students in finding the answers to the exercise questions, we have provided the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 2 Constitutional Design. Answer: The people of South Africa, need a constitution because : Question 10. (viii) LIBERTY: There are no unreasonable restrictions on the citizens in what they think, how they wish to express their thoughts and the way they wish to follow up their thoughts in action. Question 20. What would have happened in South Africa if the black majority had decided to take revenge on the whites for all their oppression and exploitation? Question 10. After long negotiations both parties agreed to a compromises. What do we call a state where head of the state is an elected and not a hereditary person? There are around 3-5 solved test papers in each chapter. Categorise the responses that emerged in Europe after the French Revolution. Non-whites did not have right to vote. Free PDF download of NCERT solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Democratic Politics-I) Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design. What do you mean by the term ‘secular’? Question 6. They provided a suitable amending procedure. Blacks could not form associations or protest against the terrible treatment. But there is no official religion. The makers of the Indian Constitution did not see it as sacred, static and unalterable law. The ideals written in the Preamble of the Constitution are as under : Question 5. The responses that emerged in Europe after the French Revolution can be categorised as India adopted the principle of liberty, freedom and justice from the French Constitution. Role of British Rule: The familiarity with political institutions of colonial rule also helped develop an agreement over the institutional design. Answer: Question 10. Question 26. Every citizen is entitled to all the constitutional rights and freedom without making distinction of any kind like gender, race, status, religion etc. Question 23. The members deliberated for 114 days spread over three years. The white rulers treated all non whites as inferior. As per the Cabinet Mission Plan (1946), a Constitution-making body, called the Constituent Assembly, was formed. Answer: Question 13. As a Congress leader he advocated socialism, democracy and anti imperialism. Question 9. State the steps involved in the framing of Indian Constitution. Men and women are treated equally. The black people were forbidden from living in white areas. Answer: Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship. Answer: Question 11. V8Q Answer: It was also a struggle to rejuvenate our country, and to transform our society and politics. Why did the Constitution-framers make provisions for amendments in the Indian Constitution? Answer: This was called segregation. Some Constitutional experts like Alladi Krishna Swarny Aiyer, Dr. B.R. The African National Congress. Answer: It generates a degree of trust and coordination that is necessary for different kind of people to live together. (c) Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Some of the articles can be changed if the people demand so. Question 1. Answer: Write a short note on the first Constituent assembly. Over the last half a century, several groups have questioned some provisions of the Constitution. Therefore, it needs to be amended quite regularly to keep it updated. The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. An introductory statement in a constitution which states the reasons and guiding values of the constitution is _______ . Answer: 66 Short Questions and Answers on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution 1. Answer: This solution contains questions, answers, images, explanations of the complete Chapter 2 titled Constitutional Design of Social Science (Civics) taught in class 9. 26 April, 1994, Question 6. What determines the rights of citizens and the powers of the government? You should also read Basic GK Questions and Answers for a huge collection of GK Questions. The merger of these princely states was a difficult and uncertain task. Answer: They wanted substantial social and economic rights. Answer: Question 6. Government should regulate the ownership of land and industry to reduce socio-economic inequalities. State their significance in a democratic country like India. Question 11. (c) Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born in the year 1891 and died in the year 1956. These ncert book chapter wise questions and answers are very helpful for CBSE exam. The South African Constitution sees people of all skin colours as equal. No, Mahatma Gandhi was not a member of the Constituent Assembly. _. Answer: Question 7. Highlight any one similarity between the story of South African struggle for freedom and the Indian National Movement. Extra Questions for Class 9th: Ch 3 Constitutional Design Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included 1. They could not even visit the churches where the whites worshipped. The traditional social inequalities must be ended. Answer: There were separate trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals, schools and colleges, libraries, cinema halls, theatres, beaches, swimming pools and public toilets, for the whites and blacks. Therefore, it needs to be amended quite regularly to keep it updated. Why should we accept the Constitution made by the Constituent Assembly more than 60 years ago? The Indian Constitution lays down a procedure for choosing persons to govern the country. The people of South Africa struggled against the apartheid in the following way: Question 2. “The Constituent Assembly was the representative body of the people of India.” Explain with examples. Liberty, Question 16. Answer: Dr. Ambedkar, who played a key role in the making of the Constitution, but he had a different understanding of how inequalities could be removed. The African National Congress (ANC) was the first organisation that led the struggle against Apartheid. As the struggle gained momentum, the government realized that the blacks could no longer be held under the oppression. 28 years. The British Consitution (based on Conventions). Describe any five salient features of the Constitution of India. Answer: Justice: Every citizen of India will have social, economic and political justice. The members considered carefully and debated all the clauses for 114 days, spread over nearly three years. The government should ensure equal opportunity for all. With systematic practice for CBSE.NIC.In Sample Papers Class 10 2020, one can easily improve his CBSE result and can score good marks or grades. HOTS Taking inspiration from American model, most countries in the contemporary world have chosen to begin their constitutions with a preamble. These are used to interpret the meaning of the Constitution. First some basic principles were decided, and agreed upon. The Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26 November, 1949 and it came into force on 26 January, 1950. What was the situation at the time India achieved independence? Answer: Question 7. (iii) In December, 1929, the Congress in its Lahore Session had decided to fight for Poorna Swaraj or Complete Independence, and 26th January, 1930 was celebrated as the Independence Day, since then. Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect. (iv) Republic: The head of the state is an elected person and not a hereditary position. Answer: Question 1. He was a lawyer by profession. These are called ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. Was Mahatma Gandhi a member of the Constituent Assembly? Answer: Question 5. Violence would have erupted in South Africa. An assembly of people’s representatives that writes a constitution for a country is _______ . What was the reaction of the government towards the protest movement against the apartheid in South Africa? Answer: In 1928, Moti Lai Nehru Drafted a Constitution for India. It was not an easy task for the two divergent people of South Africa—the White oppressors and the Black Oppressed one—to draw up a common Constitution for the country when it became free in 1994. (vi) Equality: All are equal before the law. Define the following terms mentioned in the preamble to the Constitution of India. Or (ii) Who was its President? What were the steps involved in the framing of the Indian Constitution? But, the Congress itself included a variety of political groups and opinions. Answer: This is called the Preamble to the Constitution. So. Question 2. Practice of parliamentary democracy in Britain. Question 13. Question 5. Question 25. How did the people of South Africa struggle against it? Amdedkar played a key role in the making of the Indian Constitution. Explain? The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution of India on (a) 26 January 1950 (b) 26 November 1949 (c) 26 January 1949 (d) 15 August 1947 Answer (v) Liberty, It puts limits to what the government can do by providing some rights to the citizen that cannot be violated. (iv) Republic, ‘ Democratic Republic’ is a form of government where people enjoy equal political rights, elect their rulers and hold them accountable. At that time, future of the country did not look very secure. They also wanted substantial, social and economic rights. What do you mean by Constitutional amendments? The Indian Constitution is neither wholly rigid nor wholly flexible. Several key words have been used in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution : (i) WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA: The constitution has been drawn up and enacted by the people through their representatives, and not handed down to them by a king or any outside powers. Solution: The country was born through a partition on the basis of religious differences. Answer: In India, it is called the Parliament or “Sansad”. Answer: After 28 years of imprisonment, Nelson Mandela was released. Why is India called ‘a Republic’? A great loss of life and property would have taken place. A state denounced by the entire world till recently as the most undemocratic one is now seen as a model of democracy. Answer: Good Society: It expresses the aspirations of the people about creating a good society. A sample test paper for CBSE exams includes different types of questions such as multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and long answers questions. Write a brief note on the following personalities. 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