The breeding season varies depending on the location and the elevation but generally occurs between February and September. Here are some more fun facts about the Eastern Cottontail: 1. It also lives in a very different type of habitat. Even skunks and raccoons will eat helpless kits they happen to find. Females construct their nests alone; these are slanting holes dug in soft soil and lined with vegetation and white fur from their underside. During the dormant season, or when green vegetation is covered with snow, they consume twigs, buds, and bark of woody vegetation. Sylvilagus floridanus – Eastern cottontail (widest distribution) S. audubonii – Audobon’s cottontail. Habitat The eastern cottontail prefers habitats that are between woody areas and open land. The eastern cottontail is found from extreme southern Canada south to South America. 2014. Body ends with small, fluffy tail, which resembles a cotton ball, hence the name - cottontail. Food Skip to Food. They prefer an area where they can hide quickly but be out in the open. Find eastern cottontail information at Animal Diversity Web; Encyclopedia of Life; eastern cottontail. The Eastern Cottontail is one of the most common rabbits in North America. Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. Eastern cottontail can be active at dusk and dawn (crepuscular) or during the night (nocturnal). They are red/brown or grey/brown in colour with a white coloured underside. Sylvilagus floridanus. The remaining 20 percent have little trouble repopulating the landscape. They mate three to four times per year. Some can be different. Cottontails likes to live in bushy areas where their presence is not easily detected by predators. Desert Cottontail Baby: Cottontails when becoming eighty days old starts to breed. Young begin to move out of the nest for short trips by 12 to 16 days and are completely weaned and independent by 4 to 5 weeks. There are some few fun facts we have found of this cottontail rabbit. : The most, new, latest, shocking, weird, scary, funny, fascinating, interesting and amazing things | facts in the world. There is a rusty patch on the tail. Eastern cottontails are solitary and very territorial animals. Print Image. While Eastern Cottontails can have as many as 7-8 litters a year, the average number of successful litters annually is 3-4, consisting of 3-8 young each. Wild rye: Gallberry: Kentucky bluegrass: Wild strawberry: Aster: Phlox: Blackberry: Sumac: New Jersey tea : Sassafrass: Cover Skip to Cover. S. palustris – Marsh rabbit. The eastern cottontail is a vegetarian, with the majority of its diet made up of complex carbohydrates and cellulose. Males and females are generally the same size and color. Pregnancy in female lasts 25 to 35 days and ends with 3 to 8 babies (usually 7). They shed twice a year. Eastern cottontail can reach the speed of 18 miles per hour and move in a zigzag manner to escape from the predators. The eastern cottontail is a New World cottontail rabbit, a member of the family Leporidae. Their diet varies between seasons due to availability. The desert cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii), also known as Audubon’s cottontail, is a New World cottontail rabbit, and a member of the family Leporidae. The New England cottontail has a darker back, a broad black stripe on the outer edge of the ear, and usually a black spot between the ears. They are also found in swamps and marshes and usually avoid dense and deep woods. Females can have 1 to 7 litters of 1 to 12 young, in a year; however, they average 3 to 4 litters per year, and the average number of kits is 5. Its coat is generally a dappled mixture of brown, gray, rust, and creamy white colors. Each year about 80 percent of the Minnesota's cottontail population dies from weather, predators, or disease. Eastern Cottontail Rabbits (Sylvilagus flori-danus) are among the most common mam-mals in Maryland and one of the easiest to manage. cottontails are found in dryland, arid areas., wood & grasslands. Rabbits resemble rodents, but are actually lagomorphs. The eastern cottontail rabbit is a midsize rabbit that generally resides throughout eastern North America, from Canada to Mexico. The cottontail bunny eats plants, is most active at dusk and dawn, and provides a major link in food webs. It is well-adapted to live in close proximity to humans, and suburban yards can provide ample habitat, with food and cover to support a family of cottontails. The eastern cottontail measures about 12 to 18 inches long and weighs roughly 2 to 4 pounds (Minnesota DNR 2020; NatureServe 2020). Eastern cottontails forage at night, grazing mainly on grasses, but also nibbling small shrubs. To escape predation Eastern cottontails will run fast in a zig-zag pattern, move low to the ground with their ears laid back to avoid detection or will freeze and stay motionless. They are active year-round and do not hibernate. S. bachmani – Brush rabbit. It sports a white or light brown spot on the forehead. “The Eastern Cottontail is a real habitat generalist, very adaptable, including in human modified environments,” Wirsing said. They are any of several North and Central American rabbit species of the genus Sylvilagus. Eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus), New England cottontail (Silvilagus transitionalis), Snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus). However, this feature is not present in all cottontails. * The cottontail is slight of build compared to the snowshoe hare. Some members of the Eastern cottontail sub-species have a white splotch or small patch on the forehead. The young are born with a very fine coat of hair and are blind. Although they are two separate species, these two rabbits look very similar – the Eastern Cottontail is slightly larger, has longer ears, and its eyes are half again as large as the New England Cottontail’s. It sports a white or light brown … In the summer, green plants are favored. Eastern cottontails can be found in the eastern and south-central United States, southern Canada, eastern Mexico, Central America, and northernmost South America. Written by Kristi L. Sullivan and Megan Hilbert. Bark, twigs and buds are the only source of food during the winter. The tail is short, fluffy, 30-70 mm (1.2-2.8 in) in length, brown above and white below. Eastern cottontails have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them almost 360-degree vision. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. Cottontail Rabbit Facts – Habitat and Food. The upper body parts are typically reddish-brown, lower parts are white, and it often has a white spot on the forehead. This is true regardless of the color of the rabbit, which can vary from gray to reddish brown, according to National Geographic. On average they can litter for 3-4 times in a year, with 3-9 young ones. The underside of the body and tail is white. Its fur is shorter and brown in summer and longer and gray in winter. It has long ears; big, dark eyes; and often has a white spot on its forehead. The body is lighter in color with a white underside on the tail. The eastern cottontail is an herbivore. S. palustris – Marsh rabbit. They are red/brown or grey/brown in colour with a white coloured underside. Eastern cottontail is solitary animal that occupies territory of 5 to 8 acres. Unlike the European rabbit, they do not form social burrow systems, but compared with some other leporids, they are extremely tolerant of other individuals in their vicinity. The digestion of these substances is made possible by caecal fermentation. Cottontail hunting is a popular sport in Minnesota -- in fact, it is the number one game animal in the U.S. During the 1999-2000 season, Minnesota hunters harvested about 60,000 cottontails. The young are weaned w… Eastern cottontail is a herbivore (plant-eater). In winter the cottontail's pelage is more gray than brown. They are typically about 16.5 inches long and weigh approximately 3 lbs. Interesting Eastern cottontail Facts: Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. The Eastern Cottontail has benefitted greatly from land clearance. Some can be different. The eastern cottontail is a typical rabbit with long ears and hind legs. During the summer they have short brown fur with a white belly. Cottontail rabbits live in America. Most active at dusk and dawn; they often remain hidden during the day. It has large hind legs and feet. 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