Finally, construction of otter tunnels under roads and passages at various hydroelectric dams have saved many otters’ lives. Otters are seen fleetingly, especially in the early morning. Until the early 1980s, otters were heavily hunted for their fur, food and as a pest in aquaculture fields. The world’s smallest marine mammal can live on both land and water and are found in … Alaska to France: Otters Reach Océanopolis, Thanks to FedEx Océanopolis, the oceans discovery park in Brest, called on FedEx Express, the world’s largest express transportation company and a subsidiary of FedEx Corp., to transport male sea otters about one year old from the care unit at the SeaLife Center in Seward, Alaska to Paris. However, in Japan it is believed to be extinct and Critically Endangered in South Korea. If you value this objective and impact-driven journalism, please consider becoming a sustaining member. Between 1980 and 1990, 4 (direct counts of dead individuals) to 20 otters (estimates) were killed each year by vehicles in the region of Bretagne, accounting for 5 percent of the estimated population. Every day, Mongabay reporters bring you news from nature’s frontline. 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Listed Globally as Near Threatened with IUCN. breeders they are recolonising their old territories and increasing their The goal is to help these remaining 13 species to be able to survive for millions more years. Such behavior is seen as helping young otters improve If you see one in the wild in France, then consider yourself very lucky! Mongabay is a U.S.-based non-profit conservation and environmental science news platform. At any age they will trot, and gallop, and chase one another in water. Estimations barely reached 1,500 otters left in the wild for the whole country. Very slowly but surely, the Eurasian otter is coming back in France, but at this pace, it may take another century to re-conquer most of its historical range. At the beginning of the 20th century the otter was present and relatively abundant in just about every part of Europe, then in the 1930’s its population started to decline, in the 1950’s – 1960’s the decline had become quite rapid having disappeared completely from 60 departments in France. The North American river otter, a member of the subfamily Lutrinae in the weasel family (Mustelidae), is equally versatile in the water and on land. Coastal populations are at risk from oil spills (accidents and flushing of ships tanks). Yes. Organic pollution from nitrates and slurry (agricultural pollution). Held every four years, the IUCN Congress is the world's largest conservation event. African clawless otters ( Aonyx capensis ) and Congo clawless otters ( A. congicus or A. capensis congicus ) occupy murky waterways and thus rely more on manual dexterity than on vision to obtain food (mostly crabs) from under rocks. BREST (FRANCE) - A pair of jetlagged sea otters arrived in France on Friday after a 9,000-kilometre (5,600-mile) flight from Alaska to their new home at a sea life park. The upward trend in population size is good news and a step towards reconstituting sustainable populations, however, the overall population is still critically low. Otter drowned in fish net - (photo : Jean-Luc The primary forces driving this decline are deforestation , the overfishing of their prey and agriculture , including the use of pesticides that poisons the waters they fish in. Long whiskers on their stubby faces help the otters … bank side vegetation being very important. Lutrinae is a branch of the Mustelidae family, which also includes weasels, badgers, mink, and wolverines, among other animals. protected species. Call a professional pest removal expert to deal with the otters. Opposition against otter reintroduction is strong and fisherman lobbies and aquaculture activities oppose them as otters prey mostly on fish. (41 kilograms).The smallest otter is the Asian small-clawed otter, which grows up to 2.9 feet (90 centimeters) long and up to 11 lbs. Photo. Otters and fisheries conference There has been a lot in the press about otters being everywhere in the UK and some fishery people are blaming them for reducing fish stocks. Red List. Mating takes place at any time of the year and this is where the structure of the bank side has great importance for constructing a Holt. The first is the legal protection of the species in 1972 and 1981 including the ban on using jaw traps in 1994. The second one is the significant water quality improvement achieved in many water bodies over decades. Two otters have found love in lockdown after losing their former partners. It brings together leaders from government, civil society, indigenous peoples' organisations, business and academia to determine the world's most pressing environmental and development challenges, and … in many areas. Otter spraint, clearly visible are fish bones and scales. It grows from 4.9 to 5.9 feet (1.5 to 1.8 meters) long. Only one region, Alsace, in northern France, has made an unsuccessfully attempt to reintroduce otters. OtterWatch. (In danger France IUCN). Strangulation and drowning both in fishing nets and in traps designed to kill other species. The otter is at ease within both aquatic and terrestrial habitats, however, it prefers habitat with abundant food, freshwater, and natural bank with vegetation, tree roots, rock piles, wood and other debris in which to build holts (i.e. Otters are still common in eastern France but extinct in the west. Otters are distributed over all continents except Australia and Antarctica; however, marine-living otter species and populations occur mainly at high latitudes (Fig. By just looking at the otter’s range map, one could see that most of the country was left with vast regions devoid of a species that was once found in every region. Still, there is more research that needs to be done about their abilities to adapt, survival skills, threats from humans and other animals, and their (07/25/2010) The last time the hairy-nosed otter (Lutra sumatrana) was seen in Borneo it was road-kill, but researchers have now photographed a living individual of this elusive and endangered species. Harris from the Cornish Seal Sanctuary, whose partner died four years ago, … 45K likes. Water voles can be found here too. Are otters good pets? Poisoning may also be a factor. Road building is a major problem; many otters are killed by traffic when new roads are built in their territory (77% of known deaths in the Central West of France). All the new species are insects, including one beetle, seven new aquatic invertebrate living under creek beds, and three springtails, which are soil-dwelling arthropods. Alleged gov’t-linked land grabs threaten Cambodia’s Cardamom Mountains, Fueled by impunity, invasions surge in Brazil’s Indigenous lands, Chinese demand and domestic instability are wiping out Senegal’s last forests, Solomon Islands environmental defender faces life sentence for arson charge, ‘Tamper with nature, and everyone suffers’: Q&A with ecologist Enric Sala, New paper highlights spread of organized crime from global fisheries, Study: Chinese ‘dark fleets’ illegally defying sanctions by fishing in North Korean waters, Game changer? Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae. 5, 26 Uroliths composed of ammonium urate were found in 61.9% of all postmortem-examined captive Eurasian otters at a breeding center in France. It has a requirement for dense bank side vegetation with the presence of holes in the river bank, cavities in the tree roots, piles of rocks and wood debris. Since the 1990's the situation has improved with gradual re colonisation Hundreds of tunnels and passages have being build since 1980s. Estimations barely reached 1,500 otters left in the wild for the whole country. A pair of jetlagged sea otters arrived in France on Friday after a 9,000-kilometre (5,600-mile) flight from Alaska to their new home at a sea life park. Reintroduction of Eurasian otters has been the subject of intense debates since most of its historic range is now devoid of them. Though it is the largest, it isn’t the heaviest. It establishes a burrow close to the water's edge in river, lake, swamp, coastal shoreline, tidal flat, or estuary ecosystems. On the trail of Otters and Beavers in La Vienne 20 years or so ago it would have been impossible to find an Otter or Beaver in any of the rivers and waterways of the Vienne department of France, in fact the Otter was almost pushed to extinction in France and was only to be found in the Atlantic regions and the Massif Central by the 1980’s. Their sharp decline was accelerated by significant water pollution (e.g., DDT/DDE, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and metal mercury), as well as habitat destruction and fragmentation, which both remain the current dominant threats. The otters, who are found in South and Southeast Asia from the Himalaya foothills of India to Indonesia and the Philippines, are considered vulnerable by the IUCN and their population is in decline. otter dens). Males weigh up to 90 lbs. While the last specimen known in Borneo was killed by a car in 1997, the species hasn’t been found confirmed in Sabah for over a century. Otters are very playful animals and have been seen sliding down snowdrifts or mud banks on their bellies. Finally its Status: Fully The two males, named Matchaq and Tangiq, looked relieved to take a cool bath in a quarantine centre in France after spending 15 hours aboard a private jet chartered specially for the journey. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Almost everybody knows something about otters and has some knowledge of what they are, that they live in water and eat fish, but most people have never seen one in the wild or at best only once or twice. In the late 1970s, the fate of the Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) in France was very gloomy. Maisonneuve). (07/29/2010) Usually announcements of new species come from biodiverse rainforests or unexplored marine depths, but researchers have announced the discovery of nearly a dozen new species in one of Earth’s most well-trodden place: France. The largest otter is the giant otter. Habitat loss from drainage and drying up of large ponds / lakes and waterways, river bank "improvements" and farming right up to the edge of rivers etc. The main amphibian species involved in the diet is the common frog, Rana temporaria (60.8%), while the common toad, Bufo bufo , represents only 1.7% of the amphibian prey. For example, along the Highway A89, 45 tunnels alone were constructed including the installation of remote cameras to evaluate their efficiency. Incidentally, an otter swims with its nose above the water, only staying under water for about 20 or 30 seconds when hunting. It also preys on frogs, eels, crustaceans, small mammals, birds and insects, its diet varying with the seasons. The slow increase in range and the number of otters in France is clearly attributed to three main causes. Abstract Data obtained from the dissection of 1067 otters Lutra lutra were used to compare the causes of mortality in relation to age composition, time trends, and regions. Langford Lakes - With a stretch of the River Wylye, 3 lakes and a new wetland area, it is not surprising that visitors may spot otters here, as well as the elusive water vole. The cost associated with this type of infrastructures (e.g. Is the tide turning it favour of the The situation in the rest of Europe has followed a similar pattern with probable near extinction in Holland and Switzerland, Italy, Belgium and Luxemburg. There has even been an e-petition calling for a cull of otters. The Eurasian otter has a large distribution including temperate, Mediterranean, and tropical regions, covering parts of three continents (Africa, Asia, and Europe). There is a significant correlation between the availability of amphibians and their consumption by otters. The U.K has seen some encouraging signs of improvement due to conservation initiatives and cleaner rivers. Brest (France) (AFP) - A pair of jetlagged sea otters arrived in France on Friday after a 9,000-kilometre (5,600-mile) flight from Alaska to their new home at a sea life park. There are 13 species of otters, in seven genera, according to Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Photo by: Pierre Fidenci. Singapore's otters, long adored by the city-state's nature lovers, are popping up in unexpected places during the coronavirus lockdown, but their … range year on year but there is no room for complacency. The young are born, usually 2 or 3, after a gestation period of about 60 days; they are born with closed eyes which will not open for about 5 weeks, they develop quite slowly being feed with the mothers’ milk. The most abundant populations are found in Russia. knows something about otters and has some knowledge of what they are, that they live in water and eat fish, but most people have never seen one in the wild or at best only once or twice. The 13 extant otter species are all semiaquatic, aquatic or marine, with diets based on fish and invertebrates. Once all of them are out, plug up the hole and it is as simple as that. There are several websites and online sources where pet otters are sold. IOSF has been vetted and approved to receive grants from CAF America; if you are a US donor wishing to make a tax-deductible contribution to support us, you may give to CAF America and recommend that the grant be made to … At this point they don’t know how to swim and often need to be dragged into the water by their mother, where they soon catch on and are quickly capturing their own food although they will remain with her for the next 12 to 14 months. greater understanding from the angling community and commercial fish By contrast, in the early 1900s otters were quite abundant in France with over 50,000 wild animals. In the late 1970s, the fate of the Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) in France was very gloomy. otter? Road building is a major problem; many otters are killed by traffic when new roads are built in their territory (77% of known deaths in the Central West of France). Habitat occupied by the Euarsian otter. They come in many sizes. EU Habitats Directive annexes 2 & 4 ; Berne Convention annexe 2 ; Washington Convention annexe 1 ; Protected at the National level in France art.1.modified. An otter will often have a territory of 20 to 30 kilometres and not without good reason as the diet consists principally of fish; if it stayed in one place it would soon exhaust the food supply. Anyone known to be harming otters should be immediately reported to the Gendarmerie. Water voles can be found here too. BREST: A pair of jetlagged sea otters arrived in France on Friday after a 9,000-km flight from Alaska to their new home at a sea life park. It occupies streams, rivers, lakes, marshes and sometimes coastal areas. In the UK IOSF is the only charity solely dedicated to the conservation, protection and care of otters based on years of scientific research in the UK and around the world. All the otters that are in there might leave to get away from the smell. Our EIN or tax ID is 45-3714703. Today, 2,000 to 3,000 individuals are believed to room in creeks and rivers mostly in the Massif Central, the Atlantic side (Bretagne) and western area, in particular in the wetland of Poitevin. By just looking at the otter’s range map, one could see that most of the country was left with vast regions devoid of a species that was once found in every region. River otters hunt more effectively in shallow water than in deep water, and, although they are proficient swimmers, all prefer slow-swimming species of fish. Thanks in part to the French Revolution and in part to the much decried European Common Agricultural Policy, much of the French countryside remained fairly backward in terms of agricultural progress during the twentieth century, a land farmed in traditional ways by smallholders practising diversity. But shipping can be stressful, even if managed by a careful courier, so it is advised to go directly to a zoo, private breeder or animal educator, and enquire in person. 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