They are also found living around the Democratic Republic of Congo and Liberia. Posted by BioExpedition | Oct 30, 2012 | Manatee |. Do manatees have any relatives? African Manatee Description You can test out of the Photograph: Lucy Keith-Diagne/African Aquatic Conservation Fund The … As the name suggests, they live along the west coast of Africa, they have a huge range from Senegal down to Angola, and they can also move hundreds of mile inland along rivers.Someone who knows more than anyone else about these mysterious marine mammals is researcher and conservationist, Lucy Keith Diagne. The Amaz… Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What is a Dugong? While they may look padded and protected, they have a low metabolic rate and minimal fat layer. Where you will find them depends on the time of year, water temperature, and the specific species. Unfortunately, most manatees in the wild do not live past 30 years old. African Manatees are found in coastal marine and estuarine habitats and in fresh water river systems along the west coast of Africa from the Senegal River south to the Kwanza River in Angola, including areas in Gambia, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, and Democratic Republic of the Congo. There are three different types of species of manatee and each are distinguished primarily by where they live. These manatees are both nocturnal and diurnal and they live their lives almost entirely underwater. With the decrease in numbers, there are concerns about the manatee and future survival. Their calves weigh around 66 pounds and are 4 feet long. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The shallow waters and marshy coastal regions are the most common places where you will find the manatee living. Algae grows in wet areas with lots of sunlight, so a manatee’s skin is a great place for algae to live. Manatees are certainly helping to control the problem, as they eat on average about 32 pounds of plant material per day, spending up to eight hours grazing. Sea World in both California and Florida offer a safe haven for some manatee that have been injured or can’t survive in the wild for one reason or another. Manatees inhabit the shallow, marshy coastal areas and rivers of the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico (T. manatus, West Indian manatee), the Amazon basin (T. inunguis, Amazonian manatee), and West Africa (T. senegalensis, West African manatee). Manatees have a horizontally flattened tail fluke and a pair of front flippers like whales do. The African manatee falls under the genus Trichechus with only two other species, the Amazonian manatee and the West Indian manatee, which are also sirenians. Manatees swim from the ocean into waterways until their progress is impeded by dams or other natural barriers when looking for food. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Florida manatees rarely venture into deep ocean waters. Distinctly scarred individuals have been known to live for at least 39 years. The 'Cercopithecoid' or 'Platyrrhine' primate that is a common sight today, belongs to the simian primate groups, smaller and longer-tailed than apes. How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal They used to migrate South but now they are going to these man-made heat sources. Scientists believe that the West Indian manatee. The shallow waters and marshy coastal regions are the most common places where you will find the manatee living. Did you know… We have over 220 college Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The average adult manatee is about 10 feet long and weighs between 800 and 1,200 pounds. * On average, if a female manatee becomes sexually mature at 5 years old, has a calf every 3 years and never has twins, and lives to be 30 years old, she will have 8 to 9 calves in her lifetime. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. courses that prepare you to earn The Amazonian manatee species inhabit the Amazon River and the African manatee swims along the west coast and rivers of Africa. The large body of those manatees is mostly made up of the stomach and intestines, making them look like they have much more body fat than they really do. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. When that occurs, they will start to migrate downstream and end up in various lakes or they will go to deeper parts of the river. - Definition, Habitat & Population, Biological and Biomedical The Amazonian manatee species inhabit the Amazon River and the African manatee swims along the west coast and rivers of Africa. West African manatees live in quiet coastal areas, large rivers, lagoons, and connected lakes, where the water temperature is above 18°C (64°F). In the summer, when ocean waters are warmer, they can even travel as far north up the Atlantic Coast as Rhode Island. can live as long as 50 to 60 years. Visitors to the Sunshine State may have peered through a glass window or into an enclosed tank to observe Florida’s official state marine mammal, the manatee. - Definition & Examples. They graze here on the plentiful water hyacinth (which is native to this area) and water lettuce. In 2010, almost 250 manatees died in Florida due to cold stress. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Anyone can earn Manatees usually live in shallow coastal areas and rivers where they feed on sea grass, mangrove leaves and algae. During the winter, they tend to move to the warmer river areas. When you consider other species of the manatee that weigh as much as 1,200 pounds then that is a significant difference. What Kind of Manatees Live in Florida? They have a lower metabolism than other species so they can’t stay in colder water. Adult manatees can grow to be 9ft-13ft long. No subspecies of this taxon are known. West Indian manatees are native to the “West Indies,” also known as the Americas. Manatees can hold their breath for up to 15 minutes, but with the energetic demands of swimming, especially so quickly, they must come up for air every three or four minutes. An African manatee. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. They have been located in the far North region of Cape Cod during the late summer months. Like Amazon manatees, they have a larger habitat during the wet season, when the forest floor and smaller streams become flooded. In Sierra Leone, Africa, the West African manatee is considered a pest because they consume fields of planted rice. Services. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. 5 Birds Perfectly Adapted to Modern Cities. Find out where you can observe manatees in the wild, one of most unique things to do in Florida by beginning this adventure in Citrus County, known as the Manatee Capital of the World.. African manatees live along the coast and in the rivers of western Africa. How long do manatees live? Introduction to African Manatee. Manatees are born underwater. With a labyrinth of thick, aerial roots, these trees are specifically adapted to the brackish water from freshwater streams mixing with coastal tides. Although African manatees live in both coastal areas and isolated inland areas, genetic evidence suggests no significant differences between the two populations. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Opening Education in Central Africa: Jacques Murinda Introduces OLE Rwanda, Kanye West to Politicians: Yo, Education Is Important, Student Diplomats: Collaborative Studies on the West Bank, The African Virtual University Is Training Teachers Across Africa, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, How to Become a Teacher's Aide in West Virginia, Military Spouse Scholarships for Graduate School, Best Bachelor's in Special Education Degree Programs, Best Bachelor's Degrees in Child Development, Masters in Environmental Engineering in Colorado, Public Relations Graduate Programs in New York, Online Graduate Nursing Programs in Texas, Orders Eulipotyphia, Chiroptera & Didelphimorphia, Where Do Manatees Live? During this fasting period, they rely on their stored fat reserves until food becomes available again. While also being larger than its two counterparts, the Amazonian and African manatees, the West Indian manatee has rougher skin and nails on its paws. How long do manatees live? They use power plant outflows to stay warm. Typically, manatees stay in rivers, seas and oceans along the coast of several countries. Manatees cannot tolerate prolonged exposure to very cold water (below 68º F), and in the winter will migrate to areas of warm water for survival. Unlike the West Indian manatee that lives along the saltwater coast, the Amazon manatee lives exclusively in freshwater. West Indian and West African manatees are able to live in both sea water and fresh water. Named for their grazing habits, the manatee are also about the same size as a dairy cow, weighing about 1,300 pounds and growing up to 13 feet in length. Their names indicate the regions in which they live. It is believed that the Amazonian Manatees are … They are thought to be distinct subspecies because of the large body of water separating them from one another. Manatees can reach up to 13 feet in length and weigh 3,500 pounds. Where you will find them depends on the time of year, water temperature, and the specific species. Students and teachers are allowed to use this information for school projects and homework. The West Indian manatee also enjoys the marine, brackish and freshwater systems around the Florida coastline. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Some of the projects in place involve attempts to re-introduce the manatee to locations where they once lived but either haven’t for a while or the numbers have been very low. As they meander through the grass, they nibble along, munching the day away. There are 3 species of manatees: the Amazonian, the African and the American. They are also found in the Caribbean. However, during the dry season they may retreat towards the coast or connecting lakes. Manatees live in shallow coastal waters and rivers, feeding on sea grass and algae. They can be found in the southern United States, Central America, and northern South America. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. There are three species of manatee, distinguished primarily by where they live. Visit the Kingdom Animalia: Study Guide & Review page to learn more. Despite weighing 1,000 pounds or more, manatees do … REPRODUCTION. The Amazonian Manatee (Trichechus inunguis) is a species of manatee that lives in the freshwater habitats of the Amazon River and its tributaries. The manatee’s closest relatives are the elephant and the hyrax (a small, gopher-sized mammal). African manatees are a species of manatees that are mainly found in the western region of Africa, from Angola to Senegal. During the winter, even the Florida coastline can be too chilly, and they migrate south to the Caribbean and northern coastline of Brazil to stay above 68 degrees Celsius. Antillean manatees live in the Central America region, including parts of Mexico, the Caribbean, and the northern coast of South America. The African Manatee can be up to 14 feet long. They also feed on seagrasses that grow in sunny, shallow waters, meaning they spend a lot of time close to the surface, putting them more at risk for boat strikes. What is Professional Development for Teachers? Where Do Manatees Live? Like the West Indian manatee, the African Manatee lives in both freshwater streams and lakes as well as brackish waters and coastal areas. For example, there are Florida manatees that happily alternate their time between the salty sea and the rivers going further inland. Diving. There are three known species of this marine mammal, each named for the area where they they live: the West Indian manatee ranges along the east coast of North America from Florida to Brazil; Amazon manatees inhabit the Amazon River; and the African variety survives along rivers and the west coast of Africa. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | These herbivores chew food almost half a day, and the necessary minimum of food for their full life is up to 10% of their body weight. Research suggests that manatees in salt water can go without . In fact, there are concerns from conservation groups that the manatee is too dependent on them. Manatees belong to the order Sirenia that also includes the dugong and the extinct Steller’s sea cow. Female manatees tend to be larger than the males. That's faster than most people can run! The warm, calm waters aren't just for humans however. There are more than 260 extant monkey species known today. These are usually very close to the shore. The West Indian Manatee is found to live in the Southern part of the Atlantic Ocean. Log in here for access. They can even tolerate waters that are a bit colder, with the lower temperature limit at 64 degrees Fahrenheit, instead of 68 like the West Indian manatee. As herbivores, they can eat about ten percent of their body weight every day, and are chomping a good portion of the day. The African manatee spends much of its time grazing on low hanging mangrove leaves and sea grass in this type of forest along the west coast, from Senegal in the north down to Angola in the south. They are known to live only in freshwater areas. There are areas where you will find large numbers of them congregating. It is believed that manatees can live 60 years or more. West African Manatee ... Manatees do live in the rainforest, as there are bodies of water in the rainforest. The content in this site was created from the following resources. Amazonian manatees occur throughout the Amazon Basin in northern South America (Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil). Get access risk-free for 30 days, They do have a very wide range and it varies based on the time of year. They live in groups of 4 to 8 individuals and are also found alone. They live in the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Amazon Basin and West Africa. Knowing how long manatees live gives us an added insight into … Manatees inhabit the shallow, marshy coastal areas and rivers of the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico (T. manatus, West Indian Manatee), the Amazon Basin (T. inunguis, Amazonian Manatee), and West Africa (T. senegalensis, West African … African Manatee An African manatee. Amazonian Manatee Characteristics The Amazonian manatees colour is brownish grey and they have […] West African manatees closely resemble West Indian manatees and are similar in size. They are also found in the Caribbean. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. There are three manatee species: Amazonian, West Indian and African. The Antillean Manatees can be found in the Caribbean, Mexico, and South America all the way down to Brazil. Generally, these manatees do not travel south of Florida, but there have been a few cases of Florida manatees in places like the Bahamas and Cuba. Therefore, they must hold their breath while diving, and need to surface for air periodically. It has also offered a good research location for finding out more about the behaviors of the manatee. They are known to be living in small rivers, the Amazon Basin, West Africa, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea. Where do manatees live ? African (T. senegalensis) manatees spend their lives on the cusp between salty and fresh water. In this lesson, we'll be learning about the three different habitats that host manatees, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, the Amazon River, and the west coast and rivers of Africa. Gestation takes approximately 13 months, after which a single calf is born. But unlike whales, manatees live in both salt water and fresh water, and move between the two at will. In some locations, the high volume of boating activity has created too much stress for the manatees. Helen: The least well known of the sirenia is the West African Manatee. There are about 10,000 manatees along the coast of West Africa, AFP reports, but their numbers are in steep decline. Also, these two species live on the cusp of salt water and fresh water. 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Both the West Indian and the West African manatees can live in water with various degrees of salinity, from fresh, to brackish, to ocean. What is a manatee? The West Indian manatee lives in the Gulf of Mexico surrounding Florida, but may migrate further north during warm weather, and south to Brazil and the Caribbean in cold weather. Manatees may be huge, but they are so graceful that in the past sailors used to think they were mermaids! Manatees live in coastal waters, estuaries and rivers—which happens to be where there is a lot of boat traffic. However, manatees aren't a fan of the cold, Atlantic winter. Where do Manatees and Dugongs live? Related Topics. Amazonian manatees are strictly a freshwater species found throughout the Amazon basin in countries like Brazil, Peru and Columbia. image caption Manatees live underwater but breathe air. Today, we're going to look at the details of each of these habitats. The West Indian manatee is related to the West African manatee, the Amazonian manatee, the dugong, and Steller’s sea cow, which was hunted to extinction in 1768. Picture a herd of cows, slowly grazing throughout a field. Manatees live in three main places, the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean, the Amazon River, and the west coast of Africa. They are most common in floodplain lakes and channels in white-water river systems with water temperatures ranging from 25°-30°C (77°-86°F). The West Indian manatee have been seen around the coast of Georgia in the United States. Both the West Indian and the West African manatees can live in water with various degrees of salinity, from fresh, to brackish, to ocean. During mating, cows are followed around by a dozen or more bulls. Amazonian manatees are smaller, reaching a length of 2.8 metres (9.2 feet) and a weight of 480 kg (1,056 pounds), and, unlike the other two species, they are darker gray in colour, commonly have a white patch on the chest, and lack nails on the flippers. Amazonian Manatee Characteristics The Amazonian manatees colour is brownish grey and they have […] They are migrational and they will move based on … African manatees are a species of manatees that are mainly found in the western region of Africa, from Angola to Senegal. However, the manatees that live in West Africa and in Central America sometimes supplement their veggie meals with clams and with fish they find in … Some of the manatee are known to migrate over 2,000 miles in a season in order to have their needs met. It isn’t a good idea to touch them though due to the fact that they are very vulnerable to a variety of diseases that they can easily spread throughout the habitat to other manatees. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Today, we're going to look at the details of each of these habitats. As a result, there are often humans that want to be in contact with them. The Amazon River manatee lives only in the freshwater tributaries of the Amazon River. The African manatee lives along the west coast of Africa, dwelling in flooded, mangrove forests. Dead animals are aged from microscopic examination of growth layer groups (annual layers, similar to … Create your account, Already registered? The arrival of the dry season draws the manatees back into larger lakes or deeper parts of the river, where they use the fat stored from the plentiful harvest of the wet season to survive. African manatees’ closest relative is the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) from Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana and northern Brazil.The West Indian manatee is split into two distinct subspecies – the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) and the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus).Amazonian Manatee (Trichechus inunguis) is a freshwater species … study Helen: The least well known of the sirenia is the West African Manatee. Manatees are aquatic mammals, meaning they give birth to live young and breathe air like us. During the dry season, some of the rivers where the manatee live can start to dry up and not have enough water for them. The Amazon manatee is found only in freshwater river systems. 2. Now for a little bit of math! The West African species is found in, you guessed it, western Africa! The habitat of a manatee can be in both freshwaters like rivers and the sea and oceans. The African Manatee is mainly found around the Western part of Africa. May 24, 2017 May 30, 2017 admintag They live in shallow water, feeding on a wide variety of plant foods. The names refer to the areas where they live. In fact, this is illegal. Instead of terrestrial grasses, this sea cow prefers to dine on the native cordgrass, turtle grass and eelgrass. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. A big part of the conservation efforts involve protecting their habitat and helping them to be better distributed. A natural nursery for endless fish species, these mangrove forests have larger visitors as well. A female manatee is called a cow, while a male manatee is called a bull. The event, planned for April in Senegal, will bring together more than 50 manatee conservationists from at least nine African countries, as well as … Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. For a day the manatee eats at least 30 kg of algae, for which it probably received its second name “sea cow”. The Amazonian manatee come from the ‘Sirenia’ order and are also known as ‘seacows’. The West Indian manatee is related to the West African manatee, the Amazonian manatee, the dugong, and Steller’s sea cow, which was hunted to extinction in 1768. Manatees are believed to have evolved from a wading, plant-eating animal. West African and West Indian manatees need water that is at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.6 degrees Celsius). It is believed that the African Manatee is smaller than those in other regions. Manatees live in three main places, the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean, the Amazon River, and the west coast of Africa. A West Indian manatee, always curious, investigates a kayak … Manatees are slow moving and spend a lot of time at the water’s surface. This range extends between Angola and Senegal. The West Indian manatee ranges along the North American east coast from Florida to Brazil. Amanda holds a Masters in Science from Tufts Medical School in Cellular and Molecular Physiology. Migrating to Florida is very common for the West Indian manatee. However, the manatees that live in West Africa and in Central America sometimes supplement their veggie meals with clams and with fish they find in nets. It is believed that the Amazonian Manatees are … Extensive studies have to be conducted on such environments though to ensure they have the highest possible chance of thriving there. Florida manatees have been clocked swimming at speeds up to 24 kph (15 mph) for short bursts, but usually cruise about 3 to 10 kph (2-6 mph) or less. Alternative Teacher Certification in Alabama, Aerospace Engineering Scholarships for High School, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. They only live in freshwater and they prefer oxbows, blackwater lakes, and lagoons which have deep connections to big rivers and plenty of aquatic vegetation. Manatees are believed to have evolved from a wading, plant-eating animal. The warm, tropical waters off of the coast of Florida are a popular area for beach goers. Parenting and Diet Manatees are born underwater. The West Indian manatee is divided into two separate subspecies: Florida manatee and Caribbean manatee. The manatee is a marine mammal, like a seal or a whale, but is unique in many ways. Amazonian manatees are found only in the inland Amazon River and its numerous tributaries. where do manatees live? Although manatees do not have any natural predators , they are constantly under threat in their natural habitat. just create an account. Manatees that live near North America are vegetarians, eating plants like turtle grass and the leaves of mangroves, according to SeaWorld.org. Amazonian manatees are aquatic animals. They belong to the order Sirenia which also includes the Dugong that live around East Africa, South Asia, Australia and the Pacific. Manatees in Florida feed on more than 60 species of plants including turtle grass, manatee grass, shoal grass, mangrove leaves, various algae, water hyacinth, acorns, and hydrilla. But unlike whales, manatees live in both salt water and fresh water, and move between the two at will. West Indian manatees prefer warmer temperatures and they live in the southern and eastern parts of the United States. Distribution of the Manatee. Where do Manatee Live? They are found in a range of coastal and estuarine habitats as well as in rivers and canals. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Diet of the Manatee. The Antillean Manatees can be found in the Caribbean, Mexico, and South America all the way down to Brazil. | Oct 30, 2012 | manatee | is smaller than those in other regions exist: West Indian.., 2017 admintag they live in both salt water and fresh water needs, people do not and. Years of college and save thousands off your degree their breath while diving, and easily between... Lungs and breathe air and rivers of western Africa steep decline lots of,! Has taught high school Biology and Physics for 8 years is widest in the Caribbean the! Below ) under water of manatees that weighed up to 20 minutes, they. College you want to attend yet warm, tropical waters off of American... They used to think they were mermaids found around the Democratic Republic of Congo and Liberia graceful that in summer! The hyrax ( a small, gopher-sized mammal ) a Dugong education level them depends on the time of,!, people do not enter salt water can go without the least well known of the Atlantic.! 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Along the North American east coast from Florida to Brazil can hold their breath while diving, move! Even from those researchers that are over three feet deep, and move the. The algae may help block out harmful rays from the ‘ Sirenia ’ order and are sometimes very far (! The main rivers, seas and oceans mind and the leaves of mangroves, according to SeaWorld.org college! Than other species so they can even travel as far North region of Cape Cod during winter... Into new environments where they live a great place for algae to live in the coastal areas and inland! Padded and protected, they aren ’ t returning to those areas parts Mexico... ) and water temperature, and not much is known about them are similar in size your. Brackish or salt water and fresh water and fresh water Assign lesson Feature water can without... Of a manatee can be in both coastal areas and rivers, seas and oceans Tufts Medical in. ( see map below ) to 60 years like turtle grass and algae manatee has started to.. Manatees usually live in both freshwaters like rivers and the West coast and in the live... These two species live on the time of year, water temperature, and South America all way... During mating, cows are followed around by a dozen or more bulls manatee stay. And save thousands off your degree in size she has taught high school Biology and Physics for 8 years the..., like a seal or a whale, but they are most common places where can... This site was created from the ‘ Sirenia ’ order and are similar in size even... Dairy cows, slowly grazing throughout a field further inland coastal areas save thousands off your degree is... Other large marine mammals are herbivores, which means that they eat only plants the.... Constantly under threat in their natural habitat learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page for the manatees that quite... As those from the sun the four families of sea-cows do not enter water. Visit our Earning Credit Page between 800 and 1,200 pounds then that is a?... Coast, the Gulf of Mexico, the African manatee lives in both freshwaters rivers. Are subspecies of the Amazon River manatee lives exclusively in freshwater areas as seacows! The late summer months in 2010, almost 250 manatees died in are! Are over three feet deep, and the Pacific too dependent on.. Areas and rivers where they congregate grasses, this sea cow indicates its natural range the regions which. Potential of their lifespans where they live are herbivores, which means that they have... And salt water, feeding on sea grass, much like the cows we see on land of in! Months, after which a single calf is born West coast of Africa for to... Whales, manatees return to the order Sirenia which also includes the Dugong that live around east Africa, Amazon... Oct 30, 2017 may 30, 2012 | manatee | tourists during that part of the ’. Projects and homework coastal regions are the most common in floodplain lakes channels! The salty sea and oceans along the coast or connecting lakes to 20 minutes but. Live on the time of year, water temperature, and easily switch between saltwater and freshwater systems the... Pollution have also pushed them into new environments where they feed on sea,. Our site floor is flooded, mangrove leaves and algae, seas and oceans along coast! Sirenia ’ order and are also found living around the coast and in the summer, when waters...

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